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What You Should Know

For many years, there has been an upsurge in some sexually transmitted infections. Syphilis, chlamydia, hepatitis B, these diseases are particularly problematic. While STIs can be easily traced and treated, their connection to sexuality often makes it difficult to talk about.

STDs are caused by microbes (viruses, bacteria or parasites) and are transmitted during sexual intercourse. Some of them can be distinguished by a yellow discharge as well as in the form of burning sensations, lower abdominal pain as in the case of gonorrhea. This infection, better known as hot-piss, is caused by a bacterium, the gonococcus.

Other STDs result in the appearance of small warts on the genitals or anus. The small painful, itchy, bubble-shaped pimples are a sign of genital herpes. While the appearance of chance (small painless sore) is a symptom of syphilis, it is characterized by a rash without itching.


Both men and women often do not notice the disease for years, if symptoms occur, they usually appear about one to three weeks after the infection. Women are more likely to have symptoms than men. If the vagina is inflamed, it can lead to itching or unpleasant-smelling, sometimes green-yellowish, discharge. The labia are often red leading to painful urination.

In men, the pathogens usually nest in the urethra under the foreskin and in the prostate and they are less likely to have problems with a trichomonas infection. Therefore, men have often unknowingly transmitted trichomoniasis. Sometimes it comes out in the morning and the bladder can be irritated, making urination painful.

In case of suspected infection with trichomonads, sufferers should test early. This is done by means of a smear from the urethral secretion of the man or the vaginal secretion of the woman which is examined by the laboratory. Alternatively, testing for chlamydia can be conducted using an STD home test kit,

Trichomoniasis is not dangerous and cannot do any harm. Antibiotics may be prescribed for unpleasant side effects such as itching, pain or unpleasant smelling discharge. On the one hand, it is important for partners to be treated to prevent re-infection. Sexual intercourse should be avoided during trichomonas therapy.

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can affect men and women. Symptoms can develop in the genitals, anus, throat, and eyes. The infection is the result of unprotected sex and can be treated with the prescription of an antibiotic.

This infection is extremely common. It is estimated that it affects between 2000 and 4000 people per year, per 100 000 inhabitants. The majority of patients are under 25 years old.

Chlamydia tends to be more frequently diagnosed in women. Although it is difficult to have precise figures, several studies seem to confirm that women are more affected by this infection than men. It is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium C. trachomatis, which is one of the different bacteria belonging to the chlamydia family.

It can cause symptoms but in most cases, it will be asymptomatic (no symptoms appear). It is estimated that 5 out of 10 men and 8 out of 10 women will not notice any signs of infection.