The infection caused by chlamydia can affect both men and women of all ages. In men, it attacks the urethra while in women the cervix as well as the rectum and the throat. Contagion is very common among sexually active and promiscuous people, but there is a cure and test kits for chlamydia if diagnosed correctly and promptly by the specialist does not cause permanent consequences in the individual who contracts it.
If neglected, it can cause serious permanent damage to the female reproductive system making conception difficult or even impossible. Chlamydia can predispose to extra-uterine pregnancy because of the damage to the eyelashes of the tubes responsible for correctly guiding the egg towards the uterus.
Chlamydia is one of the most common bacterial vaginal infections since it is possible to contract it during oral, vaginal and anal sex with an infected partner. This pathology is very common and the subjects most at risk include sexually active women with an average age of 25 years. Statistical data state that 80% of cases are found in girls between the ages of 15 and 29.
The same applies to older women who have an active and promiscuous sexual life, partners of people already affected by another sexually transmitted disease and men who have sex with other men.
Diagnosis – test kits for chlamydia
Chlamydia is diagnosed following the results of two tests: Urinalysis performed in the laboratory. The vaginal tampon performed by the gynecologist: through the use of a medical device called a speculum and a muffled stick the doctor is able to take a sample of secretions, losses and other cells detached from the vaginal walls and to establish with certainty whether the woman is affected or not by the pathology.
Chlamydia infection is treated with specific antibiotics. It is possible that the disease is eradicated through a single dose or it may be necessary to prolong the pharmaceutical treatment for seven days. Antibiotic treatment only works in cases where Chlamydia is diagnosed promptly, has no effect if the disease has caused permanent damage such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.
To avoid infecting a partner, it is advised not to have sex until the infection is eradicated: you can resume sexual activity 7 days after single dose antibiotic and at the end of the weekly treatment cure.
Chlamydia is a recurring disease: it tends to return if it is contracted once already. Being a sexually transmitted disease the prevention method that ensures the non-transmission of the bacterium is the total abstention from sexual relations. If you decide to have sex, you should pay attention to a few simple rules to prevent it.
The most discrete sexually transmitted infection (STI) is a common viral infection that can appear up long after transmission and for which no definitive treatment exists. The greatest risk of genital herpes is when the newborn comes into contact with a contaminated mother.
Genital herpes is a chronic STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection), which affects the genital area, the pelvic floor, and the anal area. Herpes is caused by herpes virus hominis, which comes in the form of type 1 and 2.
The most common genital HSV2 is found in genital secretions and mucous membranes and is transmitted through sexual contact. After a first infection, he takes refuge in a nervous ganglion along the spine and from there it can give rise to recurrences.
HSV1, especially known to be the origin of cold sores is also common. The transmission occurs during oral sex (contact between the mouth and the sexual organs of the partner), or by self-contamination of the lips to the genitals. Both viruses associated with STDs can be active simultaneously.
Transmission of herpes
For HSV-1, simple direct contact with saliva (from the mouth to the vulva, penis or anus) or direct genital-genital contact allows transmission. The risk, already high in the absence of symptoms is increased during the period of thrust and when there is direct contact with lesions. At this point, even objects in contact with viruses can be contagious. However, the survival of the virus on inert materials is only of short duration and because of this, the transmission via a toilet seat, for example, is practically non-existent.
For HSV-2, a simple contact with the sexual secretions, the skin, and the mucous membranes, especially in the presence of lesions, where when they will appear, is enough to transmit the virus. Although the risk of transmission is lower without lesions, it is possible and even frequent.
Transmission often goes unnoticed because 20% of the carriers of the virus have no symptoms and are unaware that they are contagious. Up to 80% of people with a first infection caught it from a partner who did not know it was contagious.
Anyone who is sexually active can contract herpes or other STDs. Once transmitted, the virus (STDs) takes refuge in a nerve ganglion along the spine, and from there it can cause new outbreaks. It reactivates and causes new lesions at any time, but most often after a weakening, such as a disease (cold sores), excessive fatigue and menstruation.
Some people will never do more thrust after a first infection, others will do it all their life. These new outbreaks are less severe than the first infection and their frequency varies from person to person. The risk of transmission is highest when the lesions still contain fluid.
For many years, there has been an upsurge in some sexually transmitted infections. Syphilis, chlamydia, hepatitis B, these diseases are particularly problematic. While STIs can be easily traced and treated, their connection to sexuality often makes it difficult to talk about.
STDs are caused by microbes (viruses, bacteria or parasites) and are transmitted during sexual intercourse. Some of them can be distinguished by a yellow discharge as well as in the form of burning sensations, lower abdominal pain as in the case of gonorrhea. This infection, better known as hot-piss, is caused by a bacterium, the gonococcus.
Other STDs result in the appearance of small warts on the genitals or anus. The small painful, itchy, bubble-shaped pimples are a sign of genital herpes. While the appearance of chance (small painless sore) is a symptom of syphilis, it is characterized by a rash without itching.
Both men and women often do not notice the disease for years, if symptoms occur, they usually appear about one to three weeks after the infection. Women are more likely to have symptoms than men. If the vagina is inflamed, it can lead to itching or unpleasant-smelling, sometimes green-yellowish, discharge. The labia are often red leading to painful urination.
In men, the pathogens usually nest in the urethra under the foreskin and in the prostate and they are less likely to have problems with a trichomonas infection. Therefore, men have often unknowingly transmitted trichomoniasis. Sometimes it comes out in the morning and the bladder can be irritated, making urination painful.
In case of suspected infection with trichomonads, sufferers should test early. This is done by means of a smear from the urethral secretion of the man or the vaginal secretion of the woman which is examined by the laboratory. Alternatively, testing for chlamydia can be conducted using an STD home test kit,
Trichomoniasis is not dangerous and cannot do any harm. Antibiotics may be prescribed for unpleasant side effects such as itching, pain or unpleasant smelling discharge. On the one hand, it is important for partners to be treated to prevent re-infection. Sexual intercourse should be avoided during trichomonas therapy.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can affect men and women. Symptoms can develop in the genitals, anus, throat, and eyes. The infection is the result of unprotected sex and can be treated with the prescription of an antibiotic.
This infection is extremely common. It is estimated that it affects between 2000 and 4000 people per year, per 100 000 inhabitants. The majority of patients are under 25 years old.
Chlamydia tends to be more frequently diagnosed in women. Although it is difficult to have precise figures, several studies seem to confirm that women are more affected by this infection than men. It is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium C. trachomatis, which is one of the different bacteria belonging to the chlamydia family.
It can cause symptoms but in most cases, it will be asymptomatic (no symptoms appear). It is estimated that 5 out of 10 men and 8 out of 10 women will not notice any signs of infection.